Persian, Iranian

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Farsi, New Persian, Parsi, Persian, West Persian, Western Farsi; Also, in Australia: Farsi, Western; in Iraq: Persian, Western Farsi; in Oman: Persian, Western Farsi; in Syria: New Persian, Persian; in Qatar: Persian, Western Farsi; in Tajikistan: Persian, Western Farsi; in United Arab Emirates: Persian, Western Farsi
  • Dialects: Abadani, Araki, Bandari, Basseri, Esfahani, Kashani, Kermani, Ketabi, Mahalhamadani, Mashadi, Meshed, Old Shirazi, Qazvini, Sedehi, Shahrudi Kazeruni, Shirazi, Shirazjahromi, Tehrani, Yazdi
  • Scriptures published:
    • Bible (1838 — 1995)
    • New Testament (1815 — 1979)
    • Portions (1546 — 1965)
    • FCBH  (Today's Persian Version)  See above
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Some also use English [eng], Azerbaijani [azb], or Luri [lrc] or [luz]. Taught in primary schools. Taught in secondary schools
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Region: Widespread. Most concentrated in central, south central, and northeast
  • Also used in: Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Israel, Netherlands, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan
  • Religion: Muslim (Shi'a), Baha'i, Christian
  • Status: Statutory national language in Iran
  • Number of users: 51,533,320 (45,000,000; 22,800; 227,000 in Iraq (1993); 25,000 in Oman (1993); 53,000 in Syria (2005); 73,000 in Qatar (1993); 50,000 in Tajikistan (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001); 80,000 in United Arab Emirates (1986))
  • Vitality: National

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)