Romani, Vlax

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Danubian, Gypsy, Romanese, Tsigene, Vlax Romany; Also, in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Danubian, Gypsy, Tsigene, Vlax; in France: Rom, Romenes, Tsigane, Vlax; in Greece: Romanés, Tsingani; in Sweden: "Zigenare"; in United Kingdom: Rom, Romenes, Tsigane; in Russian Federation: Kalderash
  • Dialects: Arli, Bisa, Central Vlax Romani, Churari, Churarícko, Coppersmith, Eastern Vlax Romani, Gabor, Ghagar, Greco, Grekurja, Gurbet, Kaldarári, Kalderash, Kelderashícko, Lovari, Lovarícko, Machvanmcko, Machvano, Machwaya, North Albanian, Sedentary Bulgarian, Sedentary Romanian, Serbo-Bosnian, Sievemakers, Sinto, South Albanian, Southern Vlax, Southern Vlax Romani, Ukraine-Moldavia, Zagundzi
  • Scriptures published:
    • New Testament (1984 — 1995)
    • Portions (1930 — 1991)
    • FCBH  (Chilean Vlax Version)  See above
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: No information available.
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: Romania
  • Region: Scattered
  • Also used in: Albania, Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Religion: Christian
  • Status: Recognized language in Romania; Recognized language in Sweden
  • Number of users: 476,180 (242,000 in Romania (2002 census); 400,000 in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2004); 10,000 in France; 1,000 in Greece; 10,500; 4,100 in United Kingdom (2004); 128,000)
  • Vitality: Threatened

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)