Language Data

  • Alternate names: Beetjuans, Chuana, Coana, Cuana, Sechuana, Setswana; Also, in South Africa: Beetjuans, Chuana, Coana, Cuana, Sechuana, Setswana, Tsiwaha; in Zimbabwe: Beetjuans, Chuana, Chwana, Coana, Cuana, Sechuana, Tshwana
  • Dialects: Hurutshe, Kgatla, Kwena, Lete, Mangwato, Melete, Ngwaketse, Ngwato, Ngwatu, Rolong, Sehurutshe, Tawana, Thlaping, Thlaro, Tlahaping, Tlapi, Tlhaping, Tlharo, Tlokwa
  • Scriptures published:
    • Bible (1857 — 1993)
    • New Testament (1840 — 1994)
    • Portions (1830 — 1966)
    • text online See above
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy rate in first language: 80%--90% in Tswana. Official language of instruction grades 1--4 in all government primary schools. Taught in primary schools
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: Botswana
  • Region: Widespread as lingua franca; Southeast and Kgatleng districts; east Southern and Kweneng districts, Central district: Serowe-Palapye and Mahalapye subdistricts; Northwest district: Maun village area
  • Also used in: Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe
  • Religion: Christian, traditional religion
  • Livelihood: Agriculturalists; pastoralists: cattle
  • Status: De facto national language in Botswana; Statutory national language in South Africa
  • Number of users: 5,360,700 (1,070,000 in Botswana (Johnstone 1993); 3,410,000 in South Africa (2006); 29,400 in Zimbabwe (1969 census))
  • Vitality: National

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)