Côte d'Ivoire

Soninke

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Aswanek, Aswanik, Azer, Ceddo, Cheddo, Gangara, Genger, Kwara, Maraka, Marka, Markaajo, Markakan, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Sarangkole, Sarangkolle, Saraxuli, Sebbe, Serahule, Serecole, Soninkanxanne, Sooninke, Wakkore, Wankara; Also, in Côte d'Ivoire: Aswanik, Marka, Sarakole, Silabe, Toubakai, Wakore; in Gambia: Sarakole, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Saraxuli, Soninke; in Guinea-Bissau: Maraka, Marka, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Serahule; in Mauritania: Aswanek, Aswanik, Azer, Gangara, Genger, Maraka, Marka, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Serahule; in Senegal: Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Sarangkolle, Saraxuli, Serahule
  • Dialects: Adjer, Aser, Azer, Geriga, Giriga, Kinbakka, Kinxenna
  • Scriptures published:
    • Portions (2001 — 2012)
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy rate in first language: 5%--10% in Soninke. At Bamako university, there are now many more Soninke students who choose this language than before, and numbers are rising. The language is also used in adult education in the Soninke region, especially around Yelimané (2013 SIL). Also use French [fra], Bambara [bam], Hassaniyya [mey], or Pulaar [fuc]. Taught in primary schools, Taught in some elementary schools
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: Mali
  • Region: Kayes region: Kayes, Yélimané, and Nioro circles; Koulikoro region: Nara, Kolokani, Banamba, and Koulikoro circles; Ségou region: Ségou and Baraouéli circles. 6 principal towns, 163 villages
  • Also used in: Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, United States
  • Religion: Muslim
  • Status: Recognized language in Mali; Statutory language of national identity in Mauritania; Recognized language in Senegal
  • Number of users: 2,114,000 (1,280,000; 100,000 in Cote dIvoire (Vanderaa 1991); 166,000; 5,000; 180,000; 378,000)
  • Vitality: Developing

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)