Uighurئۇيغۇر تىلى‎

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Uighuir, Uighur, Uiguir, Uigur, Uygur, Weiwu'er, Wiga; Also, in Afghanistan: Uighor, Uighur, Uiguir, Uyghuri, Wighor; in Kazakhstan: Novouygur, Uighur, Uiguir, Uygur; in Mongolia: Uighuir, Uighur, Uiguir, Uigur, Uygur; in Turkey: Uighur, Uigur, Uygur
  • Dialects: Akto Turkmen, Central Uyghur, Dolan, Hetian, Hotan, Kashgar-Yarkand, Lopnur, Luobu, Southern Uyghur
  • Scriptures published:
    • Bible (1950)
    • New Testament (1914 — 2005)
    • Portions (1898 — 1995)
    • FCBH  (Hazirqi Zaman Uyghurche Terjimisi/ Modern Uyghur)  See above
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy based on Central Uyghur as spoken in the area between Yili (Ili) and Urumqi, and includes literates in Uyghur or Chinese or both. Literacy rate in second language(s): 91% in any language (2000 census, Uyghur nationality). Youth and intellectuals also use Chinese [cmn]; a few also use English [eng] or Russian [rus]
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: China
  • Region: Northwest, many separate enclaves in Xizang Uyghur Autonomous Region; also in northernmost Gansu Province, border enclave on Mongolia border; possibly scattered in other Chinese provinces and regions
  • Also used in: Afghanistan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Germany, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, United States, Uzbekistan
  • Religion: Muslim (Sunni)
  • Livelihood: Agriculturalists: grain, fruit, grapes, vegetables, cotton; traders; craftsmen; animal husbandry
  • Status: Language of recognized nationality in China; Statutory provincial language in China; Recognized language in Kazakhstan
  • Number of users: 10,389,840 (8,400,000 in China (2000 census); 3,000 in Afghanistan; 300,000 in Kazakhstan (1993); 1,000 in Mongolia (1982); 500 in Turkey (1981))
  • Vitality: Provincial

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)