Language Data

  • Alternate names: Català, Catalán, Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Catalonian, Valencian; Also, in Andorra: Català, Catalan-Valencian-Balear; in Italy: Algherese Catalan
  • Dialects: Aiguavivan, Algherese, Balear, Balearic, Catalan-Rousillonese, Central Catalan, Eastern Aragonese, Eivissenc, Insular Catalan, Lleidatà, Mallorqui, Menorqui, Menorquin, Northern Catalan, Northwestern Catalan, Pallarese, Ribagorçan, Valencià, Valencian, Valenciano
  • Scriptures published:
    • Bible (1478 — 1993)
    • New Testament (1832 — 1988)
    • Portions (1928 — 1985)
    • text online See above
    • The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy rate in first language: 60% in Catalan. High literacy in Catalan (60%) is recent. Pallarese and Ribogorçan speakers have less education, less contact with the standard, and live in high valleys of the Pyrenees. Some Valencian desire separate literature. Literacy rate in second language(s): 96%. Also use Spanish [spa], French [fra], Italian [ita], Logudorese Sardinian [src], or Occitan [oci]
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: Spain
  • Region: Catalonia, Valenciana,Balearic Islands, and Aragon autonomous communities; Carche region, Murcia autonomous community
  • Also used in: Andorra, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Switzerland, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Religion: Christian
  • Status: Statutory national language in Andorra; Recognized language in France; Statutory provincial language in Spain
  • Number of users: 4,079,420 (6,890,000; 31,000 in Andorra (1990); 20,000 in Italy (1996))
  • Vitality: Provincial

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)