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Kashmiri

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Cashmeeree, Cashmiri, Kacmiri, Kaschemiri, Keshur, Koshur Also: in -- Cashmeeree, Cashmiri, Kacmiri, Kaschemiri, Keshuri
  • Dialects: Bakawali, Bunjwali, Kashtawari, Kashtwari, Kathiawari, Kishtwari, Kistwali, Miraski, Poguli, Rambani, Riasi, Shah-Mansuri, Siraji of Doda, Siraji-Kashmiri, Standard Kashmiri, Zayoli, Zirak-Boli
  • Scriptures published: Bible (1899--2005) New Testament (1813--2000) Portions (1813--1954)
    The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy rate in first language: 88% male; 12% female over 35 years of age (Koul and Schmidt 1983) in Kashmiri. 83% would prefer use of Kashmiri rather than Urdu as medium in primary school, 48% in middle school (Koul and Schmidt 1983). Literacy rate in second language(s): 55% for Jammu and Kashmir (2001 census). Most also use Urdu [urd] (Koul and Schmidt 1983). Some also use English [eng] or Hindi [hin]
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: India
  • Region: Jammu and Kashmir; Punjab; Uttar Pradesh; Delhi; Kashmir valley
  • Also used in: Pakistan, United Kingdom, United States
  • Religion: Muslim, Hindu, Sikh
  • Livelihood: Agriculturalists: rice, wheat, maize; craftsmen: weaving, carpets, carving, furniture, papier-mâché
  • Status: Statutory language of provincial identity in India
  • Number of users: 5,580,830 (5,360,000 in India (2001); 105,000 in Pakistan (1993))
  • Vitality: Educational

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)

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