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Chinese, Mandarin官话

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Beifang Fangyan, Guanhua, Guoyu, Hanyu, Huayu, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Putonghua, Standard Chinese, Zhongguohua, Zhongwen; Also, in Mongolia: Hoton, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Khoton, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Qotong, Xui; in Singapore: Guoyu, Huayu; in China--Taiwan: Guoyu, Kuoyu, Mandarin, Putonghua; in Myanmar: Tayok
  • Dialects: Cin Haw, Eastern Mandarin, Haw, Ho, Huabei Guanhua, Hui, Hui-Tze, Hwei, Jiangxia Guanhua, Jinghuai Guanhua, Kokang, Kokant, Lower Yangze Mandarin, Northern Mandarin, Northwestern Mandarin, Panghse, Pantha, Panthe, Pathee, Southwestern Mandarin, Taibei Mandarin, Western Mandarin, Xibei Guanhua, Xinan Guanhua, Yunnanese
  • Scriptures published: Bible (1874--1983) New Testament (1857--1981) Old Testament (2011) Portions (1864--1986)
    FCBH (Studium Biblicum Version (Catholic)) See above
    text online See above
    The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Literacy rate in second language(s): 91% (2000 census, Han nationality)Millions of speakers in China are bilingual, in English [eng], Japanese [jpn], Korean [kor], French [fra], Russian [rus], Vietnamese [vie], and minority languages. Taught in primary schools, Official language taught in all schools in mainland China and Taiwan. Taught in secondary schools
    Second Language: No information available.
  • Primary country: China
  • Region: Widespread north of Changjiang river, a belt south of the Changjiang from Qiujiang (Jiangxi) to Zhenjiang (Jiangsu), Hubei Province, except southeast corner, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou provinces, northwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and northwest corner of Hunan Province
  • Also used in: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Canada, , Morocco, Taiwan, Republic of China, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos), Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), New Zealand, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Viet Nam, Zambia
  • Religion: traditional religion, Confucianist, Daoist, Buddhist, Muslim (Hui), Jewish, Christian
  • Status: De facto national language in China; De facto national language in China--Taiwan; Statutory national working language in Malaysia; Recognized language in Singapore
  • Number of users: 847,808,270 (840,000,000 in China (2000 census); 35,000; 1,210,000; 4,320,000 in Taiwan (1993); 500,000)
  • Vitality: National

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)

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