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Chinese, Mandarin

Language Data

  • Alternate names: Beifang Fangyan, Guanhua, Guoyu, Hanyu, Huayu, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Putonghua, Standard Chinese, Zhongguohua, Zhongwen Also: in -- Hoton, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Khoton, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Qotong, Xui; in -- Guoyu, Huayu; in -- Guoyu, Kuoyu, Mandarin, Putonghua; in -- Tayok
  • Scriptures published: Bible (1874--1983) New Testament (1857--1981) Old Testament (2011) Portions (1864--1986)
    FCBH (Studium Biblicum Version (Catholic)) See above
    The JESUS Film See above
  • Literacy: Taught in primary schools, Official language taught in all schools in mainland China and Taiwan. Taught in secondary schools
    Second Language: English [eng] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)Japanese [jpn] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)Korean [kor] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)French [fra] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)Russian [rus] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)Vietnamese [vie] : 91% (Census 2000 for Han nationality)
  • Primary country: China
  • Region: Widespread north of Changjiang river, a belt south of the Changjiang from Qiujiang (Jiangxi) to Zhenjiang (Jiangsu), Hubei Province, except southeast corner, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou provinces, northwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and northwest corner of Hunan Province
  • Also used in:
  • Religion: traditional religion, Confucianist, Daoist, Buddhist, Muslim (Hui), Jewish, Christian
  • Status: De facto national language in China; Statutory national working language in Malaysia; Recognized language in Singapore; De facto national language in Taiwan
  • Number of users: 847,808,270 (840,000,000 in China (2000 census); 35,000; 1,210,000; 4,320,000 in Taiwan (1993); 500,000)
  • Vitality: National

(data from Ethnologue and other sources)

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